On 1 March 2019, Vinehealth Australia and Australian Grape and Wine Inc (Australian Grape & Wine) released a Biosecurity Alert advising industry that phylloxera had been detected in a commercial vineyard located at St Andrews in a Phylloxera Risk Zone in the Yarra Valley. The strain of phylloxera detected has been confirmed as G1; the same as that found in the Maroondah Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) also located in the Yarra Valley.
The 5km quarantine area around the infested vineyard abuts the north west boundary of the existing Maroondah PIZ. Click here to see a map. Work is currently underway by Agriculture Victoria regarding the establishment of a PIZ in accordance with the National Phylloxera Management Protocol given this new detection.
“This latest phylloxera outbreak in Victoria is a concerning development,” said Vinehealth Australia CEO Inca Pearce. “It highlights the critical role that industry must play in preventing further spread. The outbreak is also clear evidence of the need for a new national management strategy for phylloxera, on which work has recently commenced. We need to do everything in our power to protect our vines and manage the risk.”
Vinehealth Australia encouraged all operators to actively undertake measures to prevent the movement of pests, diseases and weeds, including phylloxera, as part of their shared responsibility for biosecurity.
- Being aware of Phylloxera Management Zones for where phylloxera is and is not.
- Reviewing your business links within and between these zones, including the new infested area around St Andrews in Victoria.
- Always complying with movement regulations between states and between Phylloxera Management Zones for material including:
- Grapes and grape-related material (wine, juice, must, marc).
- Grapevine planting material (cuttings, rootlings, potted vines, germplasm).
- Machinery and equipment.
- Diagnostic samples and vineyard soil.
- Contact your state regulator to discuss any queries you have regarding the movement of these phylloxera vectors.
- NOTE: If you are moving any of the above items out of the 5km quarantine area at St Andrews, you MUST comply with movement conditions stated in Agriculture Victoria’s Industry Notice.
- Implementing strict farm gate hygiene practices to prevent the entry of phylloxera or other pests, diseases and weeds into your vineyard. This includes asking for and recording the wine regions where all visitors to your site (including their machinery/equipment) have been in the past three weeks, so that you can assess the risk they pose to your vines by determining whether they have been in a PIZ or PRZ.
- Regularly inspecting your vineyards for unusual vine growth symptoms and pests and diseases and seek help to identify the problem. Mandatory reporting of all suspect cases of phylloxera is required to your state regulator or to the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline 1800 084 881.
For more information about this new detection, click here for Agriculture Victoria’s Industry Notice.