In SA’s Plant Quarantine Standard, Condition 7 is all about entry requirements related to the grapevine pest, phylloxera. Clause 1 of this Condition relates to Grapevine material (including for planting and/or propagation). Anyone planning to import such items into SA from interstate, must understand and abide by the entry requirements.
The following table identifies the entry status of items into South Australia from various Phylloxera Management Zones:
|Item||From PRZ/PIZ/PIBZ1||From PEZ2|
|All grapevines in the form of whole grapevines or part thereof||Prohibited||Prohibited|
|Grapevine tissue cultures||Conditional entry||Conditional entry|
1 Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ), Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ), Phylloxera Interim Buffer Zone (PIBZ)
2 Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ)
- Entry into SA is allowable for lignified cuttings and dormant rootlings from an interstate PEZ after they have been washed free of all soil and excess organic matter and then hot water treated within 24 hours prior to dispatch to SA. Consignments must be accompanied by a Plant Health Certificate (PHC) obtained from the interstate biosecurity department, or Plant Health Assurance Certificate (PHAC) issued by an ICA-37 accredited business. To ensure the efficacy of the sterilisation there is a cap on bundle sizes, with no more than 100 lignified cuttings or approximately 50 dormant rootling per bundle. Bundles (or loose cuttings or rootlings) must be completely immersed and maintained at 50°C ± 1°C for 30 minutes OR 54°C ± 1°C for 5 minutes and handled post-sterilisation so as to prevent contamination/infestation after treatment. These lignified cuttings and dormant rootlings are also subject to Importer Registration which provides the importer ‘authorisation’ to import the regulated item for commercial purposes. For single imports conducted in a year – a Plant Health Import Certificate acts as the form of importer registration, where multiple allowable imports are conducted in a year, importer registration can be applied for through IR01 or IVCA. For further information on IVCA, refer here and for the IVCA application form, refer here.
- Entry into SA is allowable for grapevine tissue cultures produced in accordance with SECTION 8 – Appendix 2 of South Australia’s Plant Quarantine Standard and accompanied by a Plant Health Import Certificate issued by Biosecurity SA, detailing the place(s) of origin and grape variety of each culture and a PHC obtained from the interstate biosecurity department.
- A reminder that imports of lignified cuttings, dormant rootlings and tissue cultures into SA are also subject to Direct Inspection. This is an inspection and formal clearing on arrival into SA of the imported items by a PIRSA Inspector or an Import Verification Compliance Arrangement (IVCA) Accredited Business. Penalties apply for failing to comply. To request a Direct Inspection through PIRSA, refer here.
- Entry into SA is allowable for grapevines without additional treatment in the form of cuttings, rootlings or potted plants that have been quarantined at a Commonwealth post-entry quarantine facility after overseas import, provided they are sent directly from the quarantine facility to South Australia with certification. Refer to Section 6 of the SA Plant Quarantine Standard for further detail.